Myofascial Release implies work on the muscles and fascia to eliminate pain and restore motion.
Treatment usually uses sustained pressure into myofascial restrictions with or without movement to allow the connective tissue fibers to reorganize themselves flexibly and functionally.
Fascia is densely woven connective tissue that covers and connects every muscle, bone, nerve, artery, vein, and internal organ. The fascial system is not just a system of separate coverings. It is one structure that exists from head to foot without interruption. Hence, you see that each part of the body is connected to every other part by the fascia, like the yarn in a sweater. Since the fascia surrounds and attaches all these structures, it creates a strong supportive function, much like the wires of the tent that hold the tent poles or the bones in place.
The problem occurs when the muscles are bound up by fascia or scar tissue from surgery, injuries, inflammation, repetitive movements, or poor posture, causing the fascia to become less pliable.
It then becomes tight, restricted, and a source of tension to the rest of the body. Traumas, such as falls, whiplash, surgery, poor posture, and repetitive stress injuries, have cumulative effects on this fascial system. The changes they cause in the fascial system can influence the biomechanics, function, and pain of the rest of the body. The fascia then exerts excessive pressure, producing pain or restricting movement and affecting our flexibility, stability, and ability to withstand stress and strain.
Our structure can change slowly to accommodate our poor movement or lack of movement patterns. Rather than being an unchangeable bony structure, we are more like a malleable piece of clay that can slowly change over time for better or worse. This is why yoga is so crucial to optimal health.